[YesAuto Design] In today's highly developed automobile industry, colorful cars are constantly flowing on the road, forming a colorful stream of cars. However, more than a hundred years ago when the car was not invented, people didn't seem to have many choices about the color of the car. One hundred years later, we look back and see how the color trend of the car has developed.
“Laughterism” tells the story of car color
This column mainly focuses on the color of the car, not only the exterior color of the model, but we will also talk about the interior panels and leather. In addition, it will also involve the history behind the color of the brand and the model, the color design ideas, and even Analysis of the technology and cost required for the color rendering of car paint/leather/board.
Residual colors of the carriage era
The birth date of the modern automobile is recognized as January 29, 1886. On this day, the German Karl Benz filed an application for a patent for automobile invention with the German Patent Office, and the diesel locomotive began to mature. The world's first car is called “Mercedes-Benz Patent No. 1”. It looks rather crude, with only black (metal), brown (leather) and yellow (wood), not even the outer shell.
In fact, it was still a post-carriage era. Although steam cars appeared as early as the 18th century, and there were already steam buses in the 19th century, it is difficult to break through the miniaturization of steam engines, so small ordinary vehicles (trolleys) are still the world of horse-drawn carriages.
After the internal combustion engine became mature and the automobile was formally invented from the end of the 19th century to the beginning of the 20th century, the horse was only removed from the horse-drawn carriage, and the body shape basically continued the structure of the horse-drawn carriage. High-tech is of course mainly for the upper class at the beginning, and the shape of the car has continued the shape and color of the high-end carriage. The so-called factory is actually handmade and customized in a workshop style. You can have any color you want. Therefore, the car was just invented. There are so many beautiful colors for more than 20 years, and the extravagance of the car body will definitely make you jaw-dropping.
The color of the tire is also a very important point. Early tires were white because the rubber material was white. In 1910, Bailuchi (acquired by Michelin in 1990) added carbon black to the tires for the first time to greatly improve the strength and durability of the tires, and then the tires became black. However, the aesthetic of white tires was left behind, and the sidewalls of some cars were still painted white. There are many topics to talk about tires, but this issue mainly talks about the color of the car body, and we will talk about the color of the tires when we have the opportunity in the future.
In 1908, Ford introduced the Model T and replaced the tarpaulin with a wooden carriage, opening the era of affordable cars sold to the general consumer. For ordinary consumers, cars are still the toys of the wealthy at this time. Therefore, the most important thing for mass-produced cars is low prices. The color is not important, so black became the mainstream color at that time.
In 1913, as Ford began to use assembly lines to produce cars, various car companies learned one after another, but painting became a bottleneck restricting production capacity. The initial paint drying cycle required 50 days, which seriously affected the production capacity. In the end, Ford used a fast-drying and low-cost paint, which dries the fastest in black, and the paint cycle was reduced to 1 week. In this way, the production cycle is reduced, and the total cost is naturally reduced. In order to improve production efficiency, Ford adopted the practice of producing almost only black cars, and quickly seized the market by virtue of low prices. Henry Ford once said: “Any customer can paint this car in any color he wants, as long as it is black.”
Do you want to say that this type of production car is only black? In fact, it is not. Only Ford has taken such an extreme approach. In other car companies, customers can still get red and green body colors as long as they are willing to pay, but the popularity of black is not only in price. At that time, the industry was undergoing great industrial development. Some large machinery such as trains and ships were mainly black. Black coal and the smog it produced were a symbol of a developed industrial society. London was called the “fog city” in certain periods. Not exactly derogatory.
Gentlemen also regarded black as a solemn and solemn symbol. Just like today, even a cheap mass-produced car at that time was not something young people or even ordinary families could afford at that time. The government, business and economic owners of the car were naturally the ones who owned the car. Powerful middle-aged and elderly people are the main ones. These units and groups naturally choose black based on their identity and aesthetics, and they are the most sure choice.
At this time, China on the other side of the ocean did not have any automobile manufacturing capabilities. It was not until 1915 that Shanghai opened China's first paint production plant. In China, cars are also supplied to government agencies, large enterprises, and high-ranking officials.
You might be able to imagine that on the streets of Shanghai Shiliyangchang, the dark-skinned coachman is pulling a rickshaw to run by the side of the road, and the black and shiny imported cars are dazzling in the middle of the road.
The 20s that let me go
In the 1920s, when the First World War had just ended, European and American countries began to develop their economies at a high speed, which was called the “Roaring 1920s” by the Americans. After the economy boomed, people began to pursue enjoyment and taste, and buying a car naturally became the first choice. This period is the carnival of custom-made small car companies. In this era when large-scale industrialization is about to enter, and the automobile structure is not yet mature and standardized, custom car companies and customers dare to think and do, and they have produced quite a few cars that let themselves go. The car design of this period also had a big impact on the development of world art.
Since the second half of the 19th century, along with industrialization and mechanization, there have been three art movements in the European art world, followed by the Arts and Crafts Movement, Art Nouveau, and Art Deco Movement. European designers have experienced resistance, no objection, and no opposition. The mental journey of acceptance and fragrance.
The mechanical industrial production that emerged after the industrial revolution caused a huge blow to the hand-industry. Some traditional artists were unable to integrate with industry and tried to escape reality. So the arts and crafts movement arose, emphasizing handicrafts, opposing mechanization, and expecting a revival with complex patterns and colors. Mainly designed. With the improvement of industrial level and the rise of the Art Nouveau movement, it still emphasizes handicrafts and advocates naturalistic curves and colors, but does not oppose industrialization. In the 1920s, under the blow of industrialization, the arts and crafts movement was gone. Artists and designers began to realize that mechanized production was the general trend, so they began to embrace industry, which gave rise to the decorative arts movement.
During the rise of the Art Deco movement, the car was regarded as a symbol of technology and the future, and its shape and color were absorbed by designers and became the inspiration for Art Deco. Just as the so-called force is mutual, the Art Deco style will also affect the car in turn.
There were a large number of custom car companies in the 1920s, and their car products were not exactly finished products as seen today. The rich and powerful at the time could buy chassis from companies such as Rolls-Royce in the UK, Della Haye in France, and Dusenborg in the US, and then customize the body from body manufacturers such as Hooper, Brewster, Figoni et Falaschi or Franay, and get what they like. Styling. This type of business still exists in today's high-end commercial vehicle field.
The Art Deco movement draws inspiration from cars, which in turn has affected the design of cars to a certain extent. After all, the consumer groups of high-end cars and artworks are highly overlapped. Customers who obtain new aesthetic styles from artworks will naturally put their own demands. Tell the custom car dealer. The decorative arts abandon the elegant and subtle colors of arts and crafts and Art Nouveau, and instead focus on strong contrasting colors, especially the primary colors of metals. The decorative patterns are mainly geometric elements, and they like to use ebony wood, leather, precious metals and other decorations.
The prosperous customized high-end cars gave the classic cars of the 1920s the most imaginative design. We will see a colorful scene, its bold and even absurd shape can shock us now, and its color matching is unlimited.
Cars for ordinary middle-class consumers also began to change during this period. The middle class was also the beneficiary of the post-war economic prosperity. They also became tired of the black cars and monotonous styling all over the street. The sales of Ford, which insisted on focusing on black, began to decline during this period. Facing the competition of Ford Model T low-priced cars, GM turned to focus on quality. In 1923, it launched a two-color ordinary family car. The interior materials are also more exquisite, and it has received great attention after it went on the market.
After tasting the sweetness, GM added the “Art and Color Department”, and designer Harry Earle became the vice president of GM in charge of design and the first full-time car designer. Prior to this, American automakers did not pay enough attention to the appearance of car bodies. After discussing with Harry Earle, GM President Alfred Sloan also proposed a mixed reputation for “planned abolition”, that is, through regular introduction of new styles and colors to encourage consumers to change vehicles.
During this period, the colors of most mass-produced cars of many car companies were still more traditional, but at any rate they were more diverse. In addition to black, dark maroon, blue, tan, cream, and dark green also increased. Some rare models have red bodies.
The 1930s that started with the Great Depression
The era of colorful customized cars did not last long, and soon ushered in the Great Depression (1929-1933), first in the United States, and then the economic crisis spread to capitalist countries around the world. After 1927, the automobile industry began to decline sharply, the industrial output value fell by 95%, and the rich began to tighten their belts to live their lives. Custom car companies lost most of their customers and the market, but also suffered a devastating blow. They disappeared one after another, with very little left. And Ford, General Motors and other auto companies that focused on cheap cars survived.
The rich don’t make money, and car companies that are struggling to survive have turned their targets to larger-scale ordinary consumers. The Great Depression has reduced people’s spending power and desires. Therefore, the general requirements for cars are economy, durability, and color. Not so important again. It is difficult to see brightly colored cars on the street. The ratio of tan and cream body colors has also declined, and even women’s skirts have become longer and darker.
The United States quickly survived the Great Depression, and the economy began to recover in 1934. In 1935, there was a sharp increase in the number of cars in the United States. It was also during this period that propeller airplanes were widely used, and airplanes became the most advanced symbol. So automobile designers began to apply aerodynamic concepts to automobiles, streamlined cars began to appear, and automobiles finally began to look less like horse-drawn carriages.
The streamline is connected with the sky and technology, and the blue and white cars of the sky element begin to increase. Car companies have also begun to provide more tones. During this period, consumers have been able to obtain different tones of blue, green or red bodies.
The streamlined body also greatly affected the body structure, the most notable is that the front and rear fenders began to integrate with the body and occupy a huge visual area, and even become an independent visual part. This structure has led many companies to introduce simpler solid-color bodies, or use new two-color matching methods, usually one color for the main body and the same color for the four fenders.
In the late 1930s, the popularization of automobiles had become widespread in the United States, and Europe had just begun. During this period, there were three representative cars: Fiat 500 (1936), Volkswagen Beetle (1937) and Citroen C2V (1939). National cars competed with American cars for seats. market. Since they were also for ordinary consumers, the colors of these cars were mainly black, gray and gray-green at first, but it didn't take long for the European automobile industry to be disrupted by World War II.
World War II colors in the 1940s
The Great Depression basically affected all capitalist countries. With the exception of the United States, Germany, Italy, Japan and other countries are still in the shadow of the Great Depression, with economic decline and severe national unemployment. In order to get rid of the Great Depression and shift social contradictions, Germany, Italy, Japan and other countries are still in the shadow of the Great Depression. Countries such as Japan and Italy have begun to expand abroad.
Ironically, the Great Depression ended with the outbreak of World War II. The production of armaments that began with the outbreak of World War II stimulated the economy, especially the United States, which quickly got rid of the residual effects of the Great Depression after entering the war. The European and Asian countries fighting on their own have suffered.
At the beginning of the 1940s, wars in Europe were already raging, and the auto industry had basically come to a standstill, but the United States was not affected. At this time, the market has already begun to have a new car style-steel and wooden shell. In 1941, Chrysler built a 9-seater wagon with a yellow and black body and a wooden shell in yellow.
American cars have also begun to use a large number of chrome-plated decorations on their bodies to highlight the sense of technology and luxury. In fact, some models have begun to try gradually in the 1930s, but on Cadillac's 1941 Sixty Special, a large number of chrome plating has become a highlight.
Regrettably, the birth time of the “wooden” car and the big chrome car was not right. The United States entered the war when it was launched. In this war, all countries have put together their national strength, and the industrial systems of the participating countries have fully launched. Almost all members of the American automobile industry have participated in combat readiness. Since 1942, the production of civilian vehicles has almost completely stopped. During that period of high enthusiasm for participating in the war, various war propaganda activities and war bond sales activities were often held on the streets of the United States. Americans who used to drove their private cars to work every morning, under the limited supply of fuel and tires during the war, could only squeeze buses or carpools, so there were a lot fewer private cars on the street.
During the war, various auto companies switched to armaments. The total value of goods produced by the US auto industry in World War II exceeded 29 billion US dollars, reaching 20% of the total output value of the war. The top three were GM, Ford, and Chrysler. The products were mainly trucks. Armored vehicles, light off-road vehicles and tanks, these are at least in the line of business, but there are also weapons such as tanks, aircraft, and artillery. In the peaceful era, the colorful cars produced during the war became military green or khaki, with red and black explosions from time to time.
In the era without color photos, the impression left to us is more from color portrait oil paintings and black and white photos. So the dazzling and luxurious cars of that era did not impress us deeply, leading us to think that most of us were cars of that era. only black. But looking back on the past, cars were mainly tools and playthings of the rich in the early days. It was not until the large-scale industry produced civilian cars that the “black age” began. The pace of the times such as economy and war also left the color of the car. profound impact.
In this issue, we will talk about the car’s invention at the end of the 19th century and the start of World War II. In the next issue, we will continue to talk about the color changes of automobiles over a century, starting with the post-war prosperity, so stay tuned.
[YesAuto Design] In the last issue, we talked about the World War II disrupted the auto industry in various countries, so how did the color of cars develop after the war? Will it return to the colorful era? How did it develop to this day? In this issue of a century of car color change history, let's continue to talk.
1940s to 50s after World War II
The post-war period is generally a period of great economic development, especially for the victorious countries. After the end of the First World War, there was a rapid economic development, and the cars on the streets became colorful. Is this this time? Yes, after World War II, countries such as Britain, the United States and Japan all ushered in economic prosperity, but cars did not become colorful again as imagined.
Years of war investment has left metal materials still in short supply after the war, especially aluminum, steel and other materials, which has forced automakers to focus on saving and looking for alternative materials. On the other hand, during Roosevelt's New Deal period, in order to stimulate the economy, extensive road networks were built, coupled with the rapid development of the automobile industry, which promoted the highly suburbanized life of Americans and the demand for long-distance travel. The shortage of materials and changes in lifestyle have affected the structure and design style of the car. As a result, we saw the country-style wooden split style body that became popular in the late 1940s.
In the early days of the invention of automobiles, wooden bodies were the basic configuration, and car companies used wood as panels and painted them with paint. With the improvement of steel technology and production, cars began to use steel. The split wooden body that became popular in the late 1940s can be regarded as a retro style. This way of directly exposing the wood grain and color is to present the closest natural countryside. The breath of life is favored by Americans.
The retro wooden body was initiated by Chrysler. At the same time, many brands have launched various wooden body models. Some are just like Chrysler with wood and metal interlocking, and some simply use wood to build the entire car. The retro wooden body did not last long. As the US economy recovered and took off at a high speed after the war, it quickly withdrew from the market.
In the 1950s, the American economy had basically recovered, and people's attention was refocused on luxury and popular culture. Coupled with the spacious highway environment, American cars began to become generous and luxurious during this period. The most notable is the beginning of the emergence of sedan, also known as “ship-shaped car.” The so-called sedan is the cockpit, engine compartment and luggage compartment obviously divided into three sections. By separating the passenger compartment from the other two parts, it not only creates a more independent, complete and spacious space in the car, but also provides various decorations. Pieces provide a platform to play.
In the sedan structure, the previous independent fenders are gone. The front fender, engine cover and grille form a whole, and the sides become a smooth surface, and the car body looks more concise. On the one hand, this styling change stems from the pursuit of luxury enjoyment. On the other hand, the styling elements of jet airplanes and space rockets are integrated into car design. Many cars began to use rocket tails or “fins”, making this period appear. There are a lot of boasting cars, which can be said to be the most luxurious and flamboyant era in the history of car design.
The disappearance of the fender changes the structure, which makes the side of the car body look a lot simpler, but it looks a little bald in this way. At this time, due to the limitations of stamping technology and concepts, the waistline has not been widely used as it is now. Therefore, in order to increase the visual hierarchy and sense of technology of the car body, designers began to use two-color car paint and a lot of chrome decoration on the car body. The car paint color also began to use more luxurious colors, that is, soft colors, especially It is gold, ivory, pearl and light green.
Let's talk about Europe on the other side of the ocean. There was only a shortage of supplies in the United States, but Europe was in a mess. The interrupted auto industry took a long time to recover. The real redevelopment was actually in the 1950s and 1960s.
The national cars that had started in Europe before the war were restarted after the war, represented by the Volkswagen Beetle, Fiat 500 and Citroen 2CV, which were basically relaunched in the late 1940s. Obviously, these national cars with simple structure and low price should not be expected to have such dazzling colors. Gray, black, and dark green are popular, and a very small amount of relatively bright colors are mainly red and yellow.
The sedan and aerospace technology elements that emerged in the 1950s also affected the design of European cars, so the simple two-color collocation also appeared on European cars. It's just that Europe is limited to the urban traffic environment and cultural foundation, and the color scheme of the car's design tends to be concise, not as exaggerated as the United States.
The two-color or multi-color color scheme of European cars is different from that of the United States. Most of them are a two-color combination of two color blocks of solid color body + solid color roof. Of course, a considerable part of the reason is the color matching characteristics caused by the use of glass fiber roof. Some people think that the use of such materials is to reduce weight and save energy on the one hand, and on the other hand because of the shortage of materials after the war. Even if the color matching is added to the body, it is a small-area color matching that integrates with the body parts like the Fiat 1100.
European luxury cars choose a safe and compact design idea, focusing on simple luxury. From the current point of view, they are indeed higher than the Americans. It is no wonder that the British and French always look down on the American aesthetics. However, some people think that the European luxury cars of this period still stayed in the 1930s and 1940s. The distinguishing feature is that even if the fender is integrated into the body, it still retains its protruding shape, and of course the huge water tank on the front face. The grille, even the Jaguar MKIX in 1959 is still the same. However, the color scheme moves toward the solid-color body, and the color tone naturally leans toward a serious and calm dark color.
During this period, the creativity of designers was unbelievable, and the color design of car paint was also very colorful, but there were also failures. At that time, Dodge had launched models specifically designed for women. In addition to providing women-specific umbrella buckets and lipstick holders, they also provided pink car paint, with pink umbrellas, pink handbags and lipstick clips.
It is a pity that Dodge overestimated the consumption power, driving habits and social acceptance of the female group, and this car completely failed. Other car companies have also gained experience from it and hardly launch pink models.
From the big to the small 60-70s
In the 1960s, the design style of rocket tail and fins gradually ebbed, and the shape of the car gradually became simple and streamlined, and the multi-color body naturally gradually decreased. However, the color matching design of roof and body color separation is on many cars. It has been retained, and until now, many models have adopted this design.
In the 1960s, the luxury style in the United States became stronger and stronger, which led to larger and larger bodies of American cars, and even large and impractical models such as full-size coupes with a length of more than 5 meters appeared. As for the Chevrolet Impala launched in 1971, the length of the car has reached 5662mm, as if it is not big enough to be a complete car.
According to our current thinking, dark colors are generally used for large cars and bright colors for small cars. The former is to avoid being bloated, and the latter is to be bigger, but American cars in the 1960s are just the opposite. The characteristics of car design in this period were the expression of individuality and luxury. The application of large size and high horsepower made many sports cars and coupes look very large. At the same time, lighter colors were used in order to be bigger. Even some sedan cars are affected by this, but the huge body adopts light-colored paint that is easy to show up. Fortunately, the color tone is generally soft.
At this time, European cars and Japanese cars are simply dwarfs compared to huge American cars. However, many luxury cars have also introduced extended and widened U.S. cars for the U.S. market, such as the Mercedes-Benz U.S. W114 (E-class) and later Toyota Crown Royal Salon Edition.
The good times did not last long. The oil crisis of 1973 dealt a heavy blow to the American trucks. Large-sized and high-horsepower cars naturally have high fuel consumption, and soaring fuel prices have made Americans unable to carry it. As a result, the market for high-horsepower cars declined, car sizes began to shrink, economic cars became popular, and more fuel-efficient Japanese cars took advantage of the rise, crippling American domestic cars in the family car segment.
With the rise of environmental protection culture, Americans have begun to pursue an environmentally friendly life, at least what it seems to be an environmentally friendly life. The government promotes the relocation of heavily polluting companies and encourages cars to save fuel and emit green emissions. As a result, car companies and the public have begun to favor environmentally friendly colors. “Earth tones” began to gain popularity during this period. The so-called earth tones are the more abundant colors in nature, including olive green, brown, brown, or pebble white. Some American netizens said that in the late 1970s, green and brown car bodies were the most popular.
Metallic paint pop
The 1960s was also the era when metallic paint began to become popular on a large scale. The so-called metallic paint is the addition of metal powder to the paint base, which shows a sparkling luster under light, and the paint surface is harder. Although metallic paint has been used since the 1930s, the large-scale application in the 1960s was due to the mass production and price reduction of aluminum powder in the 1950s. Vehicles no longer use exaggerated shapes, but began to use metallic paint to emphasize the sense of high-end.
The color of metallic paint began to increase in the 1960s. At that time, the most popular colors in the United States were metallic emerald green, sky blue, and turquoise. Most importantly, gold became a popular color for the first time because of the application of metallic paint.
In 1978, China began to reform and open up. At this time, there were no joint-venture car companies. In addition to small-volume imported cars, the most common cars running on the street were Shanghai brand cars and Beijing 212 off-road vehicles.
At that time, only the government, the military, and state-owned enterprises were able to legally own the car, so the color of the vehicle was very limited. The 212 off-road vehicles were almost all military green, and the cars were black and white, which constituted the color of Chinese cars in the 1970s.
In the 1980s, as the shape of the vehicle became more modern, the color of the vehicle began to move towards tradition, and more and more solid-color bodies. Black and red are the more popular colors during this period, and there are also more silver-gray and white colors. The ordinary cars of this period look relatively retro and simple.
The 1980s was also a period when my country's automobile industry began to develop. Joint venture companies were established and restrictions on private car purchases began to loosen, but mainly trucks and mini-faces, with very few private cars. Both imported cars and joint venture cars were active in the market during this period. The most representative imported cars are Fiat 126P and Toyota Crown, and joint venture cars include Santana, Xiali and Daihatsu.
Fiat 126P is small in size, so it is mostly white. Toyota Crown and Santana are mainly used in government and commercial vehicles, so they are mostly black, dark blue, and some are dark red. Daihatsu is mostly found in commercial areas such as taxis, so yellow, white, and red are mostly. Xiali is also dominated by red, white and yellow.
The 1980s was also the age of the birth of SUVs. In 1984, the Jeep Cherokee, the first load-bearing body without beams, was born. This type of SUV has begun to be favored by rural users in the United States, and is also a favorite vehicle for military police, factories and mines, and township enterprises in China. In addition to the solid earth tones that were common at the time, their two-color collocation also revived on them.
During this period, the two-color matching of SUVs was dominated by the main body + protective plate structure, and the lower protective plate was mostly black or silver. The flavor of off-road vehicles was very strong.
In the 1990s, the urban SUV represented by Honda CR-V appeared. The sedan-like design was applied to the SUV. The lower part of the protective plate was relatively reduced, and the main color was unobtrusive black, so as to avoid robbing the presence of the main color. . Therefore, the body color style of the urban SUV is in line with the trend of the sedan.
In the 1990s, Xiali, Daihatsu, and Santana were still driving on China’s roads. However, at this time, the types of joint ventures and imported cars increased. The joint ventures were represented by Jetta, Alto, Peugeot 505 and other models, mainly white, brown, and dark. In red and black, imported cars are represented by the Crown and Audi 100, taking the high-end route, mainly in black.
The 21st century is colorful but polarized
After entering 2000, the atmosphere of the information age has become more and more intense, more and more semiconductor electronic technologies are used in automobiles, and automobiles have begun to adopt a large number of scientific and technological equipment, and automobile companies also like to label “technology”. As a result, silver and silver gray, which represent high-tech, have become popular colors, and of course also include a large number of applications of metallic colors.
In addition to the technological impression given to silver/silver gray, its eye-catching features and stain-resistant properties are also important reasons for consumers to favor it. Silver and silver-gray cars reflect people's psychological demands for advanced technology and practicality.
There is more and more white, even more than before. In addition to the large dirt-resistance properties, the new energy vehicles that began to emerge after 2000 also have a lot of influence. Electric vehicles are mostly white, and car companies hope to use white to reflect the impression of clean and pollution-free products, and at the same time it is the most acceptable color.
In our country, although the people's disposable income is increasing day by day, the positioning of mid-level and above sedan/SUV with a price of more than 200,000 yuan tends to focus on official vehicles and commercial vehicles. The buying standards of this part of the car buyers generally do not consider individuality. At the same time, the middle-aged and elderly people have conservative consumer concepts, so they are more likely to accept the moderate or rigorous design styles of Japan and Germany, so they can appear high-end and non-excessive black and dark brown. The body is still the main choice.
Even for ordinary civilian cars, white, silver, and black are the majority. This means that even European and American countries that do not pursue “moderate” and “safe” like Chinese consumers also choose “safe”. colour. There are general aesthetic factors, as well as the promotion of car companies.
Like the Ford Model T a hundred years ago, in large-scale industrial production mode, although robots have begun to use automated painting workshops, the cost of changing colors has increased. In terms of cost, car companies are naturally more willing to push consumers to choose more common colors.
to sum up:
Since the birth of the car for more than 100 years, the history of the color change of the car is almost the color of the world history. It is dazzling when it is prosperous, and it is monotonous or even stagnant in the war. However, in the era of more prosperous industrialization, more and more color choices are available. The style level is getting higher and higher, but the colors of road cars are more and more black, white, silver, and gray. This phenomenon is largely due to the characteristics of large-scale industrial mass production. Perhaps in the future, industrial production technology will improve, and after the cost of color changing for coating production lines is reduced, customer selection and manufacturer recommended colors are no longer limited by cost, and you can choose at will The younger generations of car color should complain about the monotony of our time.