[Auto House Race] Since 1957, Toyota has participated in motorsports for more than 50 years. From winning the “Double Crown” in the early 90s to dominate the WRC, to the “8 years” of F1 after 2000 but no results, Toyota has been both sweet and bitter in motorsports along the way. Below, let us review Toyota's racing history from four parts: rally, sports car, touring car and formula car. In addition, we will also introduce the indissoluble bond between Toyota's current president Akio Toyoda and racing, and Toyota's sports marketing. Uniqueness.
1. Toyota Rally Car History: 1957-1999, won the first victory in 1975, won the first WRC Drivers Championship in 1990, was suspended for 12 months in 1995, and withdrew from WRC in 1999.
Toyota's most glorious period in the WRC was in the early 1990s. In 1990, Carlos Sainz won the WRC Drivers Championship in a four-wheel drive Toyota Celica GT-Four car. This is Toyota's first world. The title, Sainz won this honor again two years later. In 1993, Finnish driver Juha Kankunen won both the team and driver championships for Toyota. This is the first time a Japanese car manufacturer has won this honor. In 1994, Frenchman Didier Auriol copied this for Toyota. A feat.
Further reading: Carlos Sainz is a legendary driver from Spain. He won the WRC Drivers Championship twice in 1990 and 1992. In his 19-year WRC career, Sainz has played for Ford, Toyota, Subaru, Citroen and other teams. Since then, Sainz joined the Volkswagen team to compete in the Dakar Rally, and won the championship trophy in 2010 after three breaks.
However, in 1995, Toyota was banned by the FIA for 12 months due to the illegal use of a turbo restrictor ( a component that limits the amount of engine air intake), and all points for the Toyota team and drivers were cancelled. One year later, Toyota regrouped and switched to the Corolla to return to the WRC, but they have never been able to replicate their peak glory. In 1999, Toyota announced its withdrawal from the WRC after winning the third team championship because Toyota has decided to focus on the new F1 project. This part of the content will be introduced in the “ World Formula One Championship” section below.
Further reading: In 1982, the FIA (International Motor Sports Federation) officially opened the magic box of Group B rally. The rally in the same period is divided into Group N (5,000 mass-produced cars), Group A (modified mass-produced cars) and Group B (modified sports cars). In a not long period of time from 1982 to 1986, there were 23 teams from all over the world. Car brands and 45 cars have participated in the FIA Group B rally… For more content, please click to view-the rise and fall of the B group rally
2. Toyota sports car/sports car race history: From 1988 to 1999, after more than ten years of participation in Le Mans, unfortunately failed to win the championship, in 2012 it was announced that he would return to the top of Le Mans to start a new journey; from 1995 to present, he participated in Japan JGTC/Super GT sports car races, and won the championship repeatedly.
In 1988, Toyota sent two 88C racing cars equipped with a 2.1-liter four-cylinder turbocharged engine. They all completed the race and finished 12th and 24th respectively. In 1989, Toyota sent another 88C racing car and two 89C-V racing cars to participate, but unfortunately none of the three cars finished the race. During the same period, Toyota 88C racing car also participated in the Japanese Sports Car Championship and the World Sports Car Championship.
In 1992, two of the three Toyota TS010 cars that participated in the 24 Hours of Le Mans finished the race. They finished second and eighth respectively. The runner-up Toyota was 6 laps behind the then champion Peugeot 905. In 1993, Toyota continued to send three TS010 cars to participate in the 24 Hours of Le Mans. Two of the cars still finished the race, winning 4th and 8th.
From 1995 to 1996, the Toyota Supra LM GT racing car equipped with a turbocharged straight-six engine and the Toyota MC8-R racing car equipped with a 4.0-liter V8 engine with 600 horsepower participated in the Le Mans 24 Hours, but the results were not satisfactory.
In 1997, Toyota did not participate in the competition in order to develop a new GT1 car. Toyota suffered a disastrous defeat in 1998, but they were the fastest car in 1999, but unfortunately they accidentally punctured and lost the championship at the end of the race.
The Toyota TS030 Hybrid will debut in the Spa 6 Hours in May. Toyota has decided to send two cars to participate in the 80th Le Mans 24 Hours in June.
◆Japan Super Car Race (JGTC/Super GT)
Further reading: What is a Super GT event?
In the GT300 category competition, Toyota has also created countless brilliance.
◆North American Sports Car Race (IMSA GT)