[YesAuto Wonderful Car Life] Mitsubishi announced yesterday (22nd local time) that the Pajero sold in the Japanese domestic market was officially discontinued. However, judging from the current performance of this Mitsubishi housekeeping SUV model in overseas markets, it will continue to produce and sell the cash Pajero However, the native Pajero is no longer sold in the “hometown”, and its vitality in the overseas market will continue to date and month… Let us review the classic Mitsubishi Pajero.
As we all know, the three major SUVs in Japan today all evolved from Willys off-road vehicles, including today's protagonist Pajero. After the outbreak of the Korean Peninsula War, the Allied Occupy Command decided to re-arm Japan and set up a police reserve (the predecessor of the Japanese Self-Defense Force). Mitsubishi, who has experience in OEM Willys, produced 53 off-road vehicles named Mitsubishi Jeep (CJ3A-J1). car.
Since then, based on the Jeep model, Mitsubishi gradually changed its route from military to civilian, and developed a variety of different models including J20, J30 and J40. Mitsubishi brought a model called Pajero at the 1973 Tokyo Motor Show. At that time, the design of this concept car had not escaped the shackles of Mitsubishi Jeep. Six years later, at the 1979 Tokyo Motor Show, the Pajero II concept car was officially unveiled.
On May 7, 1982, Mitsubishi’s famous Pajero (hereinafter referred to as Pajero) was officially sold in the Japanese market. Its name is derived from a plateau lynx that lives in the Patagonia region of Argentina. It has a vigorous posture and a strong body. In terms of adaptability to the wild, the first generation Pajero initially only had the short-axle three-door Canvas Top (removable rear roof) and Metal Top (hard top) models for consumers to choose from.
The chassis of the first-generation Pajero was improved on the basis of its own hot-selling Forte (L200) pickup. The rear leaf spring axle suspension has high durability. It offers a 110-horsepower 2.0-liter four-cylinder gasoline engine code-named G63B and a 2.3-liter naturally aspirated (75-horsepower) and turbocharged (95-horsepower) diesel engine with the code-name 4D55. After that, Mitsubishi equipped Pajero with a 145-horsepower 2.0-liter four-cylinder turbocharged gasoline engine, and all matching the engine is a 5-speed manual transmission.
The reason for the rapid popularity of the first generation Pajero is naturally inseparable from its experience in the Dakar Rally. Pajero participated for the first time in 1983 and won the third place in the second year. In 1985, Zaniroli drove the Pajero car and won the first Dakar Rally Championship for Mitsubishi. That year Mitsubishi also won the second and third place. Since then, Mitsubishi has embarked on a 30-year journey in Dakar.
With the miracle created by the original Pajero, Mitsubishi must develop successor models to fight Toyota and Nissan's Land Cruiser and Patrol. In 1991, when the first generation Pajero was discontinued, the second generation Pajero officially met with the public, and its appearance also laid the impression of the most classic generation Pajero in people's minds.
The second-generation Pajero was launched at the end of Japan’s bubble economy madness. Despite the high price of Pajero, many consumers were willing to pay for it. Compared with the first-generation Pajero, the body rigidity of the second-generation Pajero has been significantly improved. Compared with the first-generation model, the wheelbase of the three-door version is increased to 2420mm, and the wheelbase of the five-door version is increased to 2725mm, and the weight of the car has naturally increased.
The second-generation Pajero initially had only two engines to choose from. The 3.0-liter V6 engine code-named 6G72 had a maximum power of 155 horsepower, and the 2.5-liter four-cylinder turbo diesel engine code-named 4D56 had a maximum power of 105 horsepower. Power system, but the maximum power and maximum torque have been improved by tuning. The front suspension of the second-generation Pajero is consistent with the first-generation model, and the rear suspension also adds a combination of non-independent suspension and coil springs depending on the model. .
The second-generation Pajero has compromised in terms of passability in harsh road conditions, and is more inclined to pass speed on non-paved roads, which is also different from the other two competitors. This generation of Pajero NB is equipped with SUPER SELECT 4WD for the first time, which is the well-known super selection four-wheel drive system, and its ability to escape difficulties has been greatly improved.
In 1997, Mitsubishi launched the legendary Pajero Evolution, a short-axle version of Pajero specially developed by Mitsubishi for the Dakar event. This limited-production EVO model is equipped with a 280-horsepower 3.5-liter V6 turbocharged engine. Quite muscular and regarded as a fetish by many fans of off-road vehicles. The second-generation Pajero finally announced the discontinuation of production in 1999, but the second-generation Pajero continues to live in various capacities in China to this day.
The second-generation Pajero had a strong presence in the Dakar event, and the close cooperation with Jackie Chan also made Mitsubishi known to more domestic consumers. The year when the second-generation Pajero was discontinued, the third-generation Pajero announced its launch. This generation of Pajero switched from a non-load-bearing body with independent beams to a load-bearing body. The rigidity was three times higher than that of the previous Pajero, and it was successful. With a weight reduction of 100kg, the application of a multi-link independent rear suspension can also show that Pajero has begun to compromise on road handling and comfort.
Nevertheless, off-road performance is still Pajero’s strong point. The improved second-generation super-selected four-wheel drive system has changed its operating mode from mechanical to electronic. The vehicle can also be operated between 2H, 4H and 4HLc while driving. Switch. This generation of Pajero’s four-wheel drive system is no longer the original 50:50 power distribution ratio in the 4H mode. The adjustment of the 33:67 front and rear power distribution ratio improves the handling stability and relief of slippery roads.
The third-generation Pajero models still have three-door and five-door versions to choose from. At that time, the three major Japanese off-road vehicles faced the same problem, that is, consumers’ demand for hard-core off-road vehicles is far less than the demand for luxury SUVs. Therefore, the pillar models of major manufacturers are increasingly focusing on luxury in terms of appearance, interior design, interior materials, configuration and comfort, and the third-generation Pajero is no exception.
In terms of power, the third-generation Pajero initially offered a 220-horsepower 3.5-liter V6 direct-injection gasoline engine code-named 6G74. The original 4M40 was replaced by a 175-horsepower 3.2-liter inline four-cylinder turbocharged diesel engine code-named 4M41. A year later, Mitsubishi added a 180-horsepower 3.0-liter V6 multi-point fuel injection (MPI) gasoline engine for Pajero, code-named 6G72. The third-generation Pajero was finally discontinued in 2006, with a total production of 521,184 vehicles. This generation of Pajero short-axle three-door version is still active in major global rally events dominated by Dakar.
Competition in the SUV market is becoming increasingly fierce. At this time, Mitsubishi is slightly inadequate in product competitiveness. In order to restore the situation and reluctant to give up its own brand name, Mitsubishi launched the fourth-generation Pajero in 2006. It is still the familiar wài (guān). Although the SUV at this time is more concerned with road driving handling and comfort, the off-road ability of the fourth-generation Pajero is still its strong point. The combination of super-selected four-wheel drive system, ASTC traction control system and central differential lock can enable Pajero to successfully escape under a variety of complex road conditions. The high-speed driving characteristics of non-paved roadsides are still proud of the fourth-generation Pajero One of the characteristics.
The fourth-generation Pajero is equipped with a 178-horsepower 3.0-liter V6 (6G72) and 249-horsepower 3.8-liter (6G75) V6 naturally aspirated gasoline engine and a 170-horsepower 3.2-liter (4M41) inline four-cylinder turbocharged diesel engine. The maximum power of the diesel engine was increased to 190 horsepower in the later period. Overseas models have a 2.8-liter inline four-cylinder turbocharged diesel engine code-named 4M40. The fourth-generation Pajero is sold domestically. However, the relatively single model and strong competitors, as well as the Chinese people’s feelings for Pajero, have long since faded. As a result, the domestic sales of the fourth-generation Pajero are not ideal.
Looking back at the first three generations of Pajero, the replacement cycle of each generation of models is gradually shortening. On the other hand, it has been 13 years since the fourth generation was launched in 2006. People have long forgotten the old Pajero. I believe many people are looking forward to the next generation of Pajero. What will it look like? However, judging from the e-EVOLUTION concept car released at the 2017 Tokyo Motor Show, Pajero may be “combined” with the Mitsubishi Lancer EVOLUTION in the future, and it is also possible that Pajero will be a pure electric SUV in the future. Who knows? In short, Pajero may leave us, and its competitors have become more and more luxurious. Under such pressure, it will be a matter of time for Pajero to fade out of our sight. (Li Haopeng, home of the car)