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[Auto House Race] The international racing industry has experienced a black week. When people have not yet recovered from the grief of losing the British Dan Wheldon who participated in the American Indy 500, the death of motor sports is once again in the history. Added a painful stroke. The 24-year-old Italian driver Marco Simoncelli was killed in a car crash at the MotoGP Malaysia station.

* Some of the accident pictures in the article are shocking and may make you feel uncomfortable. Please read carefully

However, thrills and excitement are the charm of motorsports. Drivers are walking on the edge of speed and limit, knowing that there is danger but still going forward bravely. F1, which is the same four-wheel bare formula as the Indy 500, has cutting-edge safety technology and is called the “highest level racing car”, but it cannot guarantee 100% safety. In F1's more than sixty years of history, 23 drivers have given their lives on the track of their dreams.

1961 Italian Grand Prix Wolfgang Von Trips (Wolfgang Von Trips)

Monza is the penultimate race of the entire season, when Ferrari has won the constructors’ championship, and the driver’s championship will be decided between the two Ferrari drivers Phil Hill and Tripps. You temporarily lead Tripps' 33 points with 38 points.

Trips got pole position in qualifying, and teammate Hill was fourth. The situation seemed to be developing in favor of Trips. At the beginning of the final, the seventh-ranked Lotus-apex driver “Hope Star” Jim Clark rushed to the front row with a good start and competed with Trips for position.

At this moment, an unfortunate scene happened: Clark and Trips made contact before entering the Parabolica (Parabolica, Monza's last corner, 180 degrees), and the former's car rushed out of the race. After retiring from the race, the latter's car fell into the crowd. Tripps fell out of the car and died on the spot. At the same time, 12 spectators were killed in the accident.

1967 Monaco Grand Prix Lorenzo Bandini (Lorenzo Bandini)

Monaco was the second race of the season. Jack Brabham took pole position and Ferrari's Bantini started next to him. At the beginning of the game, Brabham’s Repco engine had a problem, his sideslip in the midstream position caused a mess, and Bantini took the lead.

On lap 2, Bantini was overtaken by Denny Hulme and Jackie Stewart. Stewart overtook Hulme on lap 6, but his BRM car quickly encountered a transmission problem, Hulme returned to the lead and Bantini moved up to second place.

Subsequently, Bantini began to gradually approach Hulme. On lap 82, Bantini's Ferrari lost control at the ZigZag, the car rolled over and caught fire, and he was crushed underneath. After the fire was extinguished, Bantini was quickly rushed to the hospital for rescue, but eventually died three days later due to his injuries.

To commemorate Bantini, his hometown government established an award named after Bantini in 1992, mainly to recognize F1 drivers who performed well in the previous year.

1970 Italian Grand Prix Jochen Rindt (Jochen Rindt)

Lint is the only F1 world champion to grieve after his death. He suffered a fatal accident in the qualifying at Monza. At that time, Lint hoped to challenge the more powerful Ferrari cars with more competitive qualifying results. At first he insisted on using the Lotus 49, but the legendary designer Colin Chapman told him that only the Lotus 72 had completed the preparations.

In order to get a higher speed on the track, Lint did not simply accept Chapman's suggestion, he chose to remove the key fins to reduce drag. However, when Lint tried to brake at Paspolika, his Lotus 72 suddenly turned left and crashed into the track guardrail. It is speculated that the accident may have been caused by brake failure. Lint died on the way to the hospital. He was buried in the central cemetery in Graz, Austria.

As Lint won 5 victories in the first 10 Grand Prix races of the season, he led the championship with a huge advantage. At that time, only Jacky Ickx of the Ferrari team had a theoretical possibility of winning the world championship. However, with Lint's teammate Emerson Fittipaldi (Emerson Fittipaldi) won the penultimate race, the dead Lint finally won the drivers championship that year.

1973 Dutch Grand Prix Roger Williamson (Roger Williamson)

The Dutch Grand Prix was the second F1 race of the young driver Williamson, but he was killed by the fire. When the race progressed to the 7th lap, Williamson's car suddenly punctured, the car hit the guardrail and turned over and burst into flames. His friend David Purley immediately ran over to help.

Purley wanted to flip the car that had caught fire, but he couldn't push a car weighing several hundred kilograms. Purley snatched a fire extinguisher and rushed to Williamson's car to save it. But his efforts ultimately failed, and Williamson was eventually killed in the flames.

Regrettably, in such an emergency situation at the time, only Purley stepped forward to rescue him, but the staff on the scene were not able to help at all. Purley kept calling other people to help him, but the race did not stop and the car still drove by. In fact, there were fire trucks near the track at that time, but due to the heavy traffic beside the track, they could not be used in time.

Williamson’s accident brought unprecedented attention to F1's firefighting work. A professional firefighting team was established, and they arrived at every competition site with the drivers and teams. F1's fire fighting work has been greatly improved since then, and Puerley also won the George Medal for this heroic act.

1974 United States Grand Prix Helmuth Koinigg (Helmuth Koinigg)

In the United States Grand Prix that ended at the end of the season, the young Austrian driver Koynig broke off the track on lap 23. The Surtees car he was driving hit and smashed through the metal protective barrier. His head was cut off by the upper half of the protective barrier, and the driver was killed on the spot.

1975 Austrian Grand Prix Mark Donohue (Mark Donohue)

A serious accident occurred in the warm-up lap before the start of the Austrian Grand Prix. Lonoch's car lost control and flew off the track after a puncture. His March car flew over the guardrail and hit a billboard, injuring two race staff (one of them died). After the accident, Lonoh was still conscious and able to speak at first, but then fell into a coma and eventually died from his injuries.

1977 South African Grand Prix Tom Pryce (Tom Pryce)

During the race, one of the Shadow Racing cars had an engine failure and parked in the buffer zone opposite the pit lane. At this time, the staff was preparing to cross the track to put out the fire, but he did not notice that Pulis's car happened to be coming at extreme speed. The car knocked down a staff member head-on, and Pulis was hit by a flying fire extinguisher, and both died unfortunately.

1978 Italian Grand Prix Ronnie Peterson (Ronnie Peterson)

The start of the race was chaotic, and the accident at the first corner was quite serious. Peterson’s Lotus 79 car crashed into the protective wall at a speed of 200 kilometers per hour and caught fire. His friend James Hunt rescued him from the car. When Peterson was taken to the hospital, he had seven fractures in one of his legs. One day later, the Swedes died of complications. Peterson won 14 pole positions and 10 championships in 123 F1 Grand Prix races.

1982 Belgian Grand Prix Gilles Villeneuve (Gilles Villeneuve)

This game became full of gunpowder because of the subtle relationship between the two Ferrari teammates. Didier Pironi, under the guise of the team’s instructions in the previous stop, betrayed his teammates and stole the championship in the final stage of the race, which completely angered Villeneuve. He vowed to defeat Pironi in all competitions. Ni.

In the qualifying session on Saturday, Villeneuve's results were always ahead of Pironi, but in the final stage of the qualifying, Pironi made a good lap time and surpassed Verenius by 0.1 second. Newf. Despite the lack of qualifying time and the crowded vehicles on the field, Villeneuve still decided to challenge Pironi's qualifying results.

Villeneuve's outstanding performance on the court gave him a great opportunity to defeat his teammates. At this time Villeneuve caught up with Jochen Mass's slow car. The game will show the blue flag to Maas to signal him to make way for Villeneuve, but Villeneuve is unwilling to waste time behind the slow car. He chooses to overtake his opponent directly from the right side. Coincidentally, Maas also did it at this time. The option to drive to the right to give way to the racing line was made.

Villeneuve inevitably ran into the rear wheel of the Mas car, the red No. 27 Ferrari instantly rushed into the sky, and was bounced back to the track in fragments after colliding with the track guardrail. The moment the car hit the ground, Villeneuve was thrown out of the car. He was then taken to the hospital by helicopter, but in the evening, the doctor announced Villeneuve's death.

Riccardo Paletti at the 1982 Canadian Grand Prix

Pironi failed to start at the start and most of the cars avoided him, but Paldi ran into the Ferrari. Pironi immediately got out of the car to help Paldi, who was stuck in the car, and F1 doctor Sid Watkins also joined the rescue.

When they were about to rescue Paldi, the car suddenly caught fire. The flame was quickly extinguished, and Paldi was rescued half an hour later and immediately sent to rescue by helicopter, but at this time his hope of survival was very slim, and he passed away two hours later.

1994 San Marino Grand Prix Roland Ratzenberger (Roland Ratzenberger)

In Imola's qualifying match, on the longest straight from the main stand, the rapid increase in the speed of Rasenberg's car caused huge wind resistance, causing the front fixed wind wing to fall off and jam into the chassis of the car. Rasenberg lost control of the car, and before entering the Villeneuve corner, he hit a concrete retaining wall at a speed of about 315 kilometers per hour.

After a violent impact, the front and rear of the car have been completely damaged, and the entire car body is almost left with the driver’s cabin in the middle. Rasenberg was stuck in the cockpit and lost consciousness. The official F1 medical representative performed cardiopulmonary resuscitation on Rasenberg at the scene, but he eventually died of a fractured neck and skull base.

1994 San Marino Grand Prix Ayrton Senna (Ayrton Senna)

Senna took the lead after starting from pole, but was closely chased by Michael Schumacher. On the sixth lap of the race, when Senna passed the tamburello bend, the car suddenly lost control and rushed straight towards the concrete retaining wall at a speed of 217 kilometers per hour.

The huge impact force destroyed all the right part of the Senna car, but the car did not stop due to the impact, and the inertia caused the car to continuously spin in the buffer zone. A torn suspension rod directly penetrates the helmet into Senna's head like a harpoon. Although the staff tried their best to rescue, Senna was eventually killed in this accident.

“Car God” Senna has participated in 161 F1 Grand Prix races during his career, winning a total of 41 championships, 65 pole positions and 3 annual drivers championships. Senna's death also changed the development trajectory of F1 to some extent. The FIA has done a lot of work to improve the safety of the race, which greatly reduced the risk of driver injury or even death after a car accident.

F1 driver death list
Time of death substation Driver (nationality) Owned team
1954 German Grand Prix Onofre Marimón
(Argentina)
Maserati
In 1958 French Grand Prix Luigi Musso
(Italy)
Ferrari
In 1958 German Grand Prix Peter Collins
(United Kingdom)
Ferrari
In 1958 Moroccan Grand Prix Stuart Lewis-Evans
(United Kingdom)
Vanwall
In 1960 Belgian Grand Prix Chris Bristow
(United Kingdom)
Cooper
In 1960 Belgian Grand Prix Alan Stacey
(United Kingdom)
lotus
1961 Italian Grand Prix Wolfgang Von Trips
(Germany)
Ferrari
1964 German Grand Prix Carel Godin
(Netherlands)
Porsche
1966 German Grand Prix John Taylor
(United Kingdom)
Brabham
1967 Monaco Grand Prix Lorenzo Bandini
(Italy)
Ferrari
1968 French Grand Prix Jo Schlesser
(France)
Honda
In 1970 Dutch Grand Prix Piers Courage
(United Kingdom)
De Tomaso
In 1970 Italian Grand Prix Jochen Rindt
(Austria)
lotus
1973 Dutch Grand Prix Roger Williamson
(United Kingdom)
March
1973 United States Grand Prix François Cevert
(France)
Tyrrell
1974 United States Grand Prix Helmuth Koinigg
(Austria)
Surtees
1975 Austrian Grand Prix Mark Donohue
(United States)
Penske
1977 South African Grand Prix Tom Pryce
(United Kingdom)
Shadow
1978 Italian Grand Prix Ronnie Peterson
(Sweden)
lotus
1982 Belgian Grand Prix Gilles Villeneuve
(Canada)
Ferrari
1982 Canadian Grand Prix Riccardo Paletti
(Italy)
Osella
1994 San Marino Grand Prix Roland Ratzenberger
(Austria)
Simtek
1994 San Marino Grand Prix Ayrton Senna
(Brazil)
Williams

Summary: Today's F1, safety standards are stricter than ever before, and medical facilities are comparable to university hospitals. Although there has been basically no extensive safety reform in F1 in the past 10 years, improvements in details have never stopped. Along the way, the probability of F1 driver casualties has changed from possibility to remote existence, but it will never reach zero risk. Therefore, F1 must always pay attention to safety, only in this way can ensure the future of the sport.