[YesAuto Wonderful Car Life] A few days ago Mitsubishi just announced that Pajero will be discontinued in the Japanese market (click to enter). A few days ago, Toyota also released a set of official pictures of Mark X Final Edition models (click to enter) and a video to commemorate The Mark X will be discontinued in December this year. Yes, the outdated “Reiz” is finally coming to an end in his hometown.
The past and present of Mark X (first to fifth generation Mark II)
Toyota does not seem to have the idea of launching a successor to the Mark X. You must know that the Mark X has a 51-year history of tracing its roots. The predecessor of the Mark X is the Mark II, which was launched in 1968. Toyota built this car mainly to compete with the first. A generation of Nissan Laurel competed with it. The Mark II was positioned between the Corona and Crown at the time. It was positioned as the Corona sports car, so it was originally named Corona Mark II.
The first-generation Mark II, code-named T60/T70, uses a front double-wishbone, rear leaf spring integral bridge non-independent suspension structure, and is equipped with a variety of Toyota R series inline four-cylinder engines from 1.5L to 1.9L. With a variety of model structures including two-door coupes, four-door sedan and even pickup versions, the rich product lineup allows the first-generation Mark II to be launched, ahead of its competitor Nissan Laurel in sales.
In 1972, Toyota introduced the second-generation Corona Mark II code-named X10/X20. Its appearance continued the previous design style, and the pickup truck version disappeared completely from this generation. In addition to the original four-cylinder engine, Toyota equipped the Mark II with an M-series six-cylinder engine for the first time. The larger-displacement six-cylinder model is exclusively for the North American market. The 1.7L four-cylinder engine is the power configuration of the entry-level model. In addition, there are 1.8L and 2.0L four-cylinder engines. The ME type 2.0L inline six-cylinder engine has a maximum power of 125 horsepower. The North American market provides 2.3L and 2.6L two inline six-cylinders. engine.
In the third generation, the Mark II naming method was directly adopted. After being introduced to the market in 1976, the Toyota Chaser and Cressida, the sister models of the Mark II, were also launched one after another. For the first time, the third-generation Mark II uses front Macpherson and rear coil spring non-independent suspensions, and four-wheel disc brakes have also become the standard equipment of the car series.
The third-generation Mark II continues the previous three models of two-door coupe, four-door sedan and travel version. It is equipped with 1.8L and 2.0L inline four-cylinder engines and 2.0L and 2.6L inline six-cylinder engines. In addition, the Mark II is also equipped with a 2.2L diesel engine for the first time. The styling of this generation of models is more in line with the design style of European cars at that time. The application of diesel engines allowed Mark II to open up the market, and therefore dominated the Japanese taxi market for many years. Starting with the third-generation Mark II, Toyota launched two sister models, Chaser and Cressida, based on Mark II in order to expand market segments.
The fourth-generation Mark II, code-named X60, was officially launched in 1980. This generation of Mark II cancelled the two-door coupe and provided four-door sedan and travel versions, but the four-door sedan added the Hardtop model with frameless doors. The fourth-generation Mark II has the typical boxy design of the Japanese cars of the year, but still uses the suspension structure of the previous generation models. As the main model in the Japanese taxi market, it has gained market share with the good reputation created over the years. The rate has increased substantially.
The fourth-generation Mark II is equipped with a 2.0L inline six-cylinder turbocharged engine code-named M-TE for the first time. The 2.8L engine of the top model code-named 5M-E replaces the original 2.6L engine. The diesel version also adds a 2.4-liter engine. L turbocharged engine. At the same time as the fourth-generation Mark II was launched, sister models Chaser, Cresta and Cressida were also introduced to the market successively, which also brought the Toyota X60 series to its heyday.
In 1984, the Toyota Mark II developed to the fifth-generation model. At this time, people have mastered the rule that the Mark II will be replaced every four years. The fifth-generation Mark II, code-named X70, still continues the three previous models. At this time, the Hardtop version has become a very popular model in the Japanese car market, while the four-door sedan is widely used mainly in operational vehicles.
The past and present of Mark X (sixth to ninth generation Mark II)
In 1988, the sixth-generation Mark II met with consumers on time, and the rounded lines replaced the sharp design style of previous generations. Unfortunately, the sixth-generation Mark II is no longer available in the travel version, and only four-door sedan and the more highly positioned Hardtop version are available for consumers to choose from. This generation of Mark II uses the front and rear double wishbones independent suspension for the first time. It has also become the best-selling generation of Mark II after the burst of the Japanese economic bubble. Regrettably, the sister model Cressida came to the end of its life, and production of the car series was discontinued in 1996.
With the gradual recession of the Japanese economy, the seventh-generation Mark II (X90), which was born in 1992, was untimely. Although there were many technological innovations such as front and rear double wishbone independent suspensions and a large number of electronic configurations, Mistakes in positioning make the Mark II no longer good, and people no longer want to consume such flashy luxury cars. The seventh-generation entry Mark II is equipped with a 1.8L four-cylinder engine, while 2.0L, 2.5L and 3.0L inline six-cylinder engines have become the mainstream power configuration of the Mark II. The maximum power of the 2.5L twin-turbocharged engine code-named 1JZ-GTE is even higher. It reached 280 horsepower.
This engine has been used since the sixth-generation later models. The orientation of Japanese turbocharged models is completely different from that of environmentally-conscious European car manufacturers. It is the Japanese car manufacturers that squeezed out more power to make their own models more sporty. Therefore, the Mark II at that time already showed the potential of a sporty four-door sedan. By the way, the Mark II first appeared in a four-wheel drive model in 1993.
Perhaps the market response of the seventh-generation Mark II was too flat, causing Toyota to be extremely cautious in developing the eighth-generation model. The eighth-generation Mark II launched in 1996 is more like a modified model. Its appearance is more conservative than the previous-generation Mark II, and it is no longer technically innovative. In order to meet users' demand for station wagons, Toyota launched the Mark II Qualis code-named V20W based on the Camry Touring version, positioning different sister models Chaser, Cresta and Mark II to share market shares.
The same is true for the mechanical structure. The eighth-generation Mark II suspension structure is similar to the previous-generation model. A large number of parts are common to the seventh-generation Mark II. This shows Toyota's attitude towards the Mark II at that time. This generation of four-door sedan offers only one Hardtop model, which is also the same as the previous generation of Mark II. In terms of power, the inline four-cylinder engine has been cancelled. The entry-level model is equipped with a 140-horsepower in-line six-cylinder engine code-named 1G-FE. The 2.5L 1JZ-GE engine has 200 horsepower. The 1JZ-GTE is still 280 horsepower, but if the VVT- i Variable valve timing technology. The top model is equipped with a 220-horsepower 3.0L inline six-cylinder engine code-named 2JZ-GE, while the diesel version uses a 97-horsepower 2.4L 2L-TE turbocharged four-cylinder diesel engine. Due to difficulties in driving sales growth, sister models Chaser and Cresta also ended in 2001.
In 2000, the Mark II ushered in the ninth generation model code-named X110. This generation no longer provides the Hardtop version of the four-door sedan, only the four-door sedan and a travel version called the Mark II Blit. The four-cylinder engine is no longer in use. As the size of luxury cars at this time is getting bigger and bigger, the spacious seating space brought by the wheelbase to the rear is more and more valued by consumers. Therefore, the wheelbase of the ninth-generation Mark II has reached 2780mm, the longest in history.
This wheelbase data may be familiar to consumers who are familiar with the eleventh-generation crown. Yes, the ninth-generation Mark II uses many crown designs in order to control costs. A slight difference from the positioning of the previous generations of Mark II is that the ninth-generation model has abandoned the sporty style setting and officially embarked on the luxury car route. The entry-level model uses a 2.0L 1G-FE six-cylinder engine. The 2.5L six-cylinder engine of 1JZ-GE is replaced with a 1JZ-FSE engine with direct injection technology, and a 1JZ-GTE turbocharger with 280 horsepower sports settings. Continue to use the six-cylinder engine. In 2004, the Mark II, which had undergone nine generations of model development, officially ended.
Mark X and “three generations” domestic Reiz
At the same time that the production of the ninth-generation Mark II was discontinued, Toyota released its successor model Mark X (GRX120) in November 2004. The “X” in Mark X stands for Roman numeral 10, meaning the tenth-generation model following the Mark II. The car is the domestic Toyota Reiz that we are familiar with. The golden combination of six-cylinder engine and front-rear drive has been well inherited. This layout was once declared by FAW Toyota as a model of sports cars.
The domestic Mark X model Reiz was put into production by FAW Toyota and introduced to the market in October 2005. Unlike the domestic Mark X in Japan, Reiz did not use the 2.5L (4GR-FSE) and 3.0L (3GR) that are equipped with overseas models. -FSE) V6 direct-injection engine, in order to adapt to the domestic oil quality, the 5GR-FE and 3GR-FE engines are used, and the domestic Reiz has not introduced overseas four-wheel drive models.
In 2009, Toyota launched the second-generation Mark X code-named X130, and the power system still uses the two V6 engines of the previous-generation Mark X. One year later, in September 2010, the second-generation Reiz was launched in China. Seven models, including 2.5L and 3.0L, were priced from 209,800 to 326,800 yuan. The power system used the two V6 engines of the previous generation of domestic models. In addition to the difference in the power system, other details of the domestic Reiz are still authentic.
The second-generation Mark X ushered in a facelift in 2012. Domestic consumers have always expected Reiz to introduce the direct injection engine of Japanese models at the same time. However, as the facelifted Reiz will be launched in September 2013, everyone’s hope Once again, the seven models after the listing still use the old 5GR-FE and 3GR-FE. At this time, consumers in the domestic market have a lot of choices. Reiz can only play the “cheapest V6 rear-drive car” feeling card. Fight in the market. Even the direct injection engine does not “advance with the times”, let alone the various sports and limited-edition models of the Mark X in Japan.
The reality is cruel, and the declining sales make Toyota unintentionally introduce the revised Mark X afterwards. On September 27, 2017, Reiz officially announced the suspension of production. The facelifted Mark X model launched by Japan in 2016 was not suitable for Chinese consumers. Even the introduction of this facelifted Mark X would not be able to restore Reiz's decline in the domestic mid-size car market. The final version of the Mark X model launched in Japan this time also indicates that this classic rear-drive sedan will completely fade out of people's sight.